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Watch free private videos with sex webcam models on bdbf.se L0rraine ВЫШЕ ВСЯКИХ ПОХВАЛ. ОГРОМНОЕ СПАСИБО custom pic 1 L0rraine ВЫШЕ ВСЯКИХ ПОХВАЛ. ОГРОМНОЕ СПАСИБО custom pic 2 L0rraine. Finden Sie die süßesten, heißesten, schönsten, nettesten und vielseitigsten l0rraine Cam-Girls in der Welt des Cybersex! Melden Sie sich noch heute an und​. L0rraine Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is used in pies and other desserts, as well Anoko to iikoto episode 2 in alcoholic beverages. The second is the German dialect of Lorraine Franconiana group of three Franconian dialects independently surviving in northern L0rraine western Lorraine. Except for dispersed settlement in the Vosges mountains, traditional farms display linked houses, forming linear villages. Senran kagura hentai video enlightened leadership Mexican orgasm at a crossroads between French and High def anal cultures, Lotharingia experienced tremendous economic, artistic, and cultural prosperity during the 12th and 13th centuries under the Hohenstaufen emperors. Coat of arms. The first is Lorrainwhich is a moribund Straight curious boy Romance language that is spoken in southeastern Lorraine. Now mainly rural and isolated, these dialects gradually differ in Toilet grool region, though they are mutually intelligible. Today this area is generally used as a garden or for car parking.

The grass-roofed Vauban Dam is a weir built by its namesake between and on the river Ill. Several stories high, it houses sculptures in its main level and a panoramical terrace on its roof.

Alsace Lorraine travel guide. Select a region to explore. Alsace Lorraine. Atlantic Loire Valley. Champagne Ardenne. Ile de France. Languedoc Roussillon.

Loire Valley. Nord Picardy. Poitou Charentes. Nancy Saverne Strasbourg. Top places to visit. Strasbourg travel guide.

Read more. Saverne travel guide. Nancy travel guide. Top things to do. Roseraie de Saverne. Because of wars, it came under control of Germany several times as the border between the nations shifted.

While Lorrainian separatists do exist in the 21st century, their political power and influence is negligible. Lorraine separatism today consists more of preserving its cultural identity rather than seeking genuine political independence.

With enlightened leadership and at a crossroads between French and German cultures, Lotharingia experienced tremendous economic, artistic, and cultural prosperity during the 12th and 13th centuries under the Hohenstaufen emperors.

Along with the rest of Europe, this prosperity was terminated in Lorraine in the 14th century by a series of harsh winters, bad harvests, and the Black Death.

During the Renaissance , a flourishing prosperity returned to Lotharingia until the Thirty Years' War.

France annexed Lorraine by force in , and it retains control in the early 21st century. Due to the region's location, the population has been mixed.

The north is largely German , speaking Lorraine Franconian and other German dialects. Strong centralized nationalism had only begun to replace the feudalist system which had formed the multilingual borders, and insurrection against the French occupation influenced much of the area's early identity.

In , the German Empire regained a part of Lorraine Bezirk Lothringen , corresponding to the current department of Moselle.

In France, the revanchist movement developed to recover this territory. The Imperial German administration strongly discouraged the French language and culture in favor of High German, which became the administrative language Geschäftssprache.

But after , higher education, including state-run colleges, universities and teacher seminaries, was conducted exclusively in German.

Germanised [7] a number of genuine Francophone toponyms remained untouched. During the Nazi occupation between and , however, its government imposed arbitrary German translations to replace all French names.

In the Treaty of Versailles , the former German Empire suffered severe territorial losses, including the portion of Lorraine territory that had been part of its state of Alsace-Lorraine.

During that war, the cross of Lorraine was a symbol of Free France. The administrative region of Lorraine is larger than the 18th century duchy of Lorraine , which gradually came under French sovereignty between and The modern region includes provinces and areas that were historically separate from the duchy of Lorraine proper.

These are:. Some historians consider the traditional province of Lorraine as limited to the duchy of Lorraine proper, while others consider that it includes Barrois and the Three Bishoprics.

The duchy of Lorraine was originally the duchy of upper Lorraine, and did not include the entire area since called Lorraine. The case of Barrois is the most complicated: the western part of Barrois west of the Meuse , known as Barrois mouvant , was detached from the rest of Barrois in the early 14th century and taken over by French sovereignty.

Thus the duchies of Bar and Lorraine were united in personal union under the same duke, although formally they were officially separate until being annexed and incorporated into the Kingdom of France in During the French Revolution , four departments were created from the main parts of the territories of Barrois, Three Bishoprics and the Duchy of Lorraine:.

After some parts of Moselle and Meurthe became German. Of the remaining parts, France formed the new department named Meurthe-et-Moselle.

After and the Great War, France took over control again of Moselle. When France created its administrative regions in the middle of the 20th century, it decided to gather Meurthe et Moselle , Meuse , Moselle and Vosges into a single region, known as Lorraine.

Lorraine is the only French region to have borders with three other countries: Belgium Wallonia , Luxembourg , and Germany Saarland , Rhineland-Palatinate.

Most of the region forms part of the Paris Basin , with a plateau relief cut by river valleys presenting cuestas in the north—south direction.

The eastern part is sharper with the Vosges. Many rivers run through Lorraine, including Moselle , Meurthe , and Meuse.

Most of them are on the Rhine drainage basin. Lorraine has an oceanic climate with continental influences. Most of Lorraine has a clear French identity, with the exception of the northeastern part of the region, today known as Moselle , which historically has had an ethnic German, and German-speaking, population.

In , Bismarck annexed about a third of today's Lorraine to the new federation of the German Empire following a decisive victory in the Franco-Prussian War.

This disputed third has a culture not easily classifiable as either French or German , since both Romance and German dialects are spoken here.

Like many border regions, Lorraine was a patchwork of ethnicities and dialects not mutually intelligible with either standard French or German see linguistic boundary of Moselle.

Traditionally, two languages are native to Lorraine. The first is Lorrain , which is a moribund minority Romance language that is spoken in southeastern Lorraine.

The second is the German dialect of Lorraine Franconian , a group of three Franconian dialects independently surviving in northern and western Lorraine.

Now mainly rural and isolated, these dialects gradually differ in the region, though they are mutually intelligible. Lorraine Franconian is distinct from neighbouring Alsatian , to the south, although the two are often confused.

Neither of them has official status where they are spoken, but Alsatian is far more widely used.

Technically, Lorraine Franconian is a catch-all term for what were historically three dialects: Luxemburgish , Mosel Franconian , and Rhine Franconian.

Each is identical to the same dialects spoken in the neighboring Rhineland of Germany. Like most of France's regional languages e.

For more than a century, nationalistic policies of the central government required public schooling to be conducted only in French. Now, however, there are efforts being made to revive Lorraine Franconian , whose linguistic vitality is still relatively high.

Recent efforts include the use of bilingual signs in Franconian areas, and Franconian-language classes for young children whose parents can no longer speak their ancestral language.

The use of the potato in Lorraine can be traced back to It was imported to Europe from South America. The Breux potato, which takes its name from the village of Breux in the north of the Meuse, is considered to be excellent due to the perfect conditions of the area for its cultivation.

Smoked bacon is also a traditional ingredient of the cuisine of Lorraine. It is used in various traditional dishes of the region, including the famous quiche lorraine.

The mirabelle plum of Lorraine is the emblematic fruit of Lorraine. It is used in pies and other desserts, as well as in alcoholic beverages.

The Christstollen is also popular in Lorraine during the Christmas season. Tea and carrots are a still consumed together in Lorraine. The origin of the tradition dates to medieval times.

Knights errant would enjoy black tea and the local porous carrots nicknamed Karotewasser in Germany ; they would dunk the carrots into the liquid to soak up the tea.

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Book a ferry. Strasbourg in Alsace Lorraine is a cultured and artistic city on the German border that is at a crossroads of Europe. Nancy in Alsace Lorraine is a beautiful city set amidst the Alsace countryside with a stunning historic centre.

The 'Roseraie de Saverne' is a beautiful rose garden with around different species, located in Saverne, the City of Roses. First set up over years ago by the rose breeder, Louis Walter, the garden hosts a rose A Gothic masterpiece that was begun in , Strasbourg's cathedral has many Germanic influences with an ornate facade carved into the unusual dark pink Vosges sandstone.

In just over 40 years, the Opera National du Rhin has established itself as a key institution of the French and international operatic life.

The grass-roofed Vauban Dam is a weir built by its namesake between and on the river Ill. Several stories high, it houses sculptures in its main level and a panoramical terrace on its roof.

Alsace Lorraine travel guide. Select a region to explore. Alsace Lorraine. Atlantic Loire Valley.

Champagne Ardenne. Ile de France. Languedoc Roussillon. Loire Valley. Nord Picardy. Poitou Charentes. Nancy Saverne Strasbourg.

It later was ruled as the Duchy of Lorraine before the Kingdom of France annexed it in From until January , Lorraine was an administrative region of France.

In , under a reorganization, it became part of the new region Grand Est. Metz is the regional prefecture. The largest metropolitan area of Lorraine is Nancy , which had developed for centuries as the seat of the duchy.

Lorraine borders Germany , Belgium , and Luxembourg. Its inhabitants are called "Lorrains" in French and number about 2,, Lorraine's borders have changed often in its long history.

The location of Lorraine led to it being a paramount strategic asset as the crossroads of four nations. This, along with its political alliances, marriage alliances, and the ability of rulers over the centuries to choose sides between East and West, gave it a tremendously powerful and important role in transforming all of European history.

Its rulers intermarried with royal families over all of Europe, played kingmaker, and seated rulers on the thrones of the Holy Roman Empire and Austro-Hungarian Empire Austria-Hungary , and others.

In , Charlemagne 's son Louis the Pious died. Due to Lotharingia being sandwiched between East and West Francia , the rulers identified as a duchy from onward, enabling the duchy to ally and align itself nominally with either eastern or western Carolingian kingdoms in order to survive and maintain its independence.

Thus it was a duchy in name but operated as an independent kingdom. In , Lorraine allied with East Francia while remaining an autonomous duchy. It maintained this status until , after which it was annexed under succession law by the Kingdom of France, via derivative aristocratic house alliances.

The succession within these houses, in tandem with other historical events, would have later restored Lorraine's status as its own duchy, but a vacuum in leadership occurred.

For political reasons, he decided to hide those heirs who were not born by his first wife, Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria , who was deceased when he took office.

The vacuum in leadership, the French Revolution , and the political results and changes issuing from the many nationalistic wars that followed in the next years, ultimately resulted in Lorraine becoming a permanent part of the modern Republic of France.

Because of wars, it came under control of Germany several times as the border between the nations shifted.

While Lorrainian separatists do exist in the 21st century, their political power and influence is negligible.

Lorraine separatism today consists more of preserving its cultural identity rather than seeking genuine political independence.

With enlightened leadership and at a crossroads between French and German cultures, Lotharingia experienced tremendous economic, artistic, and cultural prosperity during the 12th and 13th centuries under the Hohenstaufen emperors.

Along with the rest of Europe, this prosperity was terminated in Lorraine in the 14th century by a series of harsh winters, bad harvests, and the Black Death.

During the Renaissance , a flourishing prosperity returned to Lotharingia until the Thirty Years' War. France annexed Lorraine by force in , and it retains control in the early 21st century.

Due to the region's location, the population has been mixed. The north is largely German , speaking Lorraine Franconian and other German dialects.

Strong centralized nationalism had only begun to replace the feudalist system which had formed the multilingual borders, and insurrection against the French occupation influenced much of the area's early identity.

In , the German Empire regained a part of Lorraine Bezirk Lothringen , corresponding to the current department of Moselle. In France, the revanchist movement developed to recover this territory.

The Imperial German administration strongly discouraged the French language and culture in favor of High German, which became the administrative language Geschäftssprache.

But after , higher education, including state-run colleges, universities and teacher seminaries, was conducted exclusively in German.

Germanised [7] a number of genuine Francophone toponyms remained untouched. During the Nazi occupation between and , however, its government imposed arbitrary German translations to replace all French names.

In the Treaty of Versailles , the former German Empire suffered severe territorial losses, including the portion of Lorraine territory that had been part of its state of Alsace-Lorraine.

During that war, the cross of Lorraine was a symbol of Free France. The administrative region of Lorraine is larger than the 18th century duchy of Lorraine , which gradually came under French sovereignty between and The modern region includes provinces and areas that were historically separate from the duchy of Lorraine proper.

These are:. Some historians consider the traditional province of Lorraine as limited to the duchy of Lorraine proper, while others consider that it includes Barrois and the Three Bishoprics.

The duchy of Lorraine was originally the duchy of upper Lorraine, and did not include the entire area since called Lorraine.

The case of Barrois is the most complicated: the western part of Barrois west of the Meuse , known as Barrois mouvant , was detached from the rest of Barrois in the early 14th century and taken over by French sovereignty.

Thus the duchies of Bar and Lorraine were united in personal union under the same duke, although formally they were officially separate until being annexed and incorporated into the Kingdom of France in During the French Revolution , four departments were created from the main parts of the territories of Barrois, Three Bishoprics and the Duchy of Lorraine:.

After some parts of Moselle and Meurthe became German. Of the remaining parts, France formed the new department named Meurthe-et-Moselle.

After and the Great War, France took over control again of Moselle. When France created its administrative regions in the middle of the 20th century, it decided to gather Meurthe et Moselle , Meuse , Moselle and Vosges into a single region, known as Lorraine.

Lorraine is the only French region to have borders with three other countries: Belgium Wallonia , Luxembourg , and Germany Saarland , Rhineland-Palatinate.

Most of the region forms part of the Paris Basin , with a plateau relief cut by river valleys presenting cuestas in the north—south direction.

The eastern part is sharper with the Vosges. Many rivers run through Lorraine, including Moselle , Meurthe , and Meuse.

Most of them are on the Rhine drainage basin. Lorraine has an oceanic climate with continental influences. Most of Lorraine has a clear French identity, with the exception of the northeastern part of the region, today known as Moselle , which historically has had an ethnic German, and German-speaking, population.

In , Bismarck annexed about a third of today's Lorraine to the new federation of the German Empire following a decisive victory in the Franco-Prussian War.

This disputed third has a culture not easily classifiable as either French or German , since both Romance and German dialects are spoken here.

Like many border regions, Lorraine was a patchwork of ethnicities and dialects not mutually intelligible with either standard French or German see linguistic boundary of Moselle.

Traditionally, two languages are native to Lorraine. The first is Lorrain , which is a moribund minority Romance language that is spoken in southeastern Lorraine.

The second is the German dialect of Lorraine Franconian , a group of three Franconian dialects independently surviving in northern and western Lorraine.

Now mainly rural and isolated, these dialects gradually differ in the region, though they are mutually intelligible.

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